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Historia Norwegiæ - Norges Historie

En munk på 1100-tallet skrev at samene bebodde de ukultiverte skogsområdene langs hele Norge og beskrev den først kjente beretningen om samisk shamanisme.

Den tidligst kjente avskriften av Historia Norwegiæ ble funnet i Skottland og er datert til begynnelsen av 1500-tallet. Den antas å ha blitt nedskrevet i år 1241 fordi den beskriver hendelser fra dette årstallet som samtidige.

Norge beskrives innledende som følgende:

““The first and largest is the seaboard region. The second is the interior, also called the mountainous, region. The third is the forest region, lived in by Lapps but not cultivated. Bounded by the stream of ocean to the west and north, it has Denmark and the Baltic Sea to the south, and Sweden, Gautland, Angrmannaland and Jamtaland to the east. Thanks be to God, the populations of these countries are now Christian, but northward and spreading from the east across Norway are many peoples devoted to paganism: Kirjalians, Kvænir, Horn-Lapps and the people of the two Bjarmalands. Of what peoples live beyond these we have no certain knowledge.”

Teksten går videre inn på de fire forskjellige regionene, her er Hålogaland den fjerde regionen beskrevet:

““The fourth is Hálogaland, whose inhabitants often live together with the Lapps and have frequent commerce with them. This province bounds Norway to the north, where the place Vegistafr marks the divide between it and Bjarmaland. The deepest stretch of northern sea is found there”

Samenes område beskrives som å strekke seg over hele Norges lengde:

““Bordering the length of Norway is a vast wasteland, separating it from the pagan peoples. This waste is lived in by Lapps and by the wild animals whose flesh they eat halfraw and whose skins they wear.”

Samene beskrives også som dyktige fiskere:

“On another occasion, when Lapps side by side with Christians were trying to hook the squamous ock, the Lapps had noticed creels almost full of fish in the dwellings of the Christians, and these they drew from the water’s depth and almost filled their boat with fish.”

“The pagan Lapps who had also gathered there to fish.”

Kilde: Historia Norwegiæ
Kilde: Monumenta historica Norvegiæ; latinske kildeskrifter til Norges historie i middelalderen

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